Everyone fears cancer. But do you know you can beat it when diagnosed at an early stage? It is possible to return to your life after cancer treatment.
Cancer can affect any organ or part of your body. There are those types of cancer that are rare and those that are widespread such as breast and prostate cancer.
One of the rare forms of cancer is bone cancer. Its symptoms are tricky to diagnose if you are not a specialist. There are those hospitals that specialize in bone cancer treatment only. They have specialist oncologists and well-equipped laboratories.
Bone cancer treatment involves the removal of the affected bone part. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy treatments for bone cancer are also available. The best treatment option depends on the patient’s overall health condition and cancer stage.
Bone cancer is common in pelvis bones and the long bones of your legs and arms. Here are some of the symptoms that will help you know identify whether you or your loved one has bone cancer:
Symptoms Of Bone Cancer.
1. Bone Pain.
Bone pain is a common symptom of bone cancer. A bone pain that develops at a particular time of the day or with physical activity can be a sign of cancer. The pain increases with time. At early stages, the pain may only occur when you are active or at night. The pain becomes more persistent as cancer grows. Conditions like osteoporosis and arthritis increase the risk of bone or joint cancer.
2. Bone Fractures.
A bone fracture can be a sign that cancer cells have weakened the underlying bone structure. A bone fracture on an area that has been painful for a long time is a sign of cancer.
A lump, mass, or swelling at an area where the pain is localized is a sign of a bone tumor. A bone tumor near or in the joint makes it tender and stiff. If you have a limited and painful range of motions, it can be an early sign of bone cancer.
The rare symptoms of bone cancer include fatigue and weight loss accompanying bone pain. Fever and anemia can also be associated with bone cancer.
Bone Cancer Causes And Risk Factor.
The exact cause of bone cancer isn’t yet known. But some factors increase the risk of bone cancer.
People from a family with a history of sarcomas are at high risk for osteosarcomas. Osteosarcomas and chordomas can run in families. Researchers are still trying to find out the specific genes that are passed from generation to generation. Children struggling with retinoblastoma are also at high risk of developing osteosarcoma later in life. Retinoblastoma is a type of eye cancer.
2. Paget’s Disease.
The disease makes the patient’s bones become thick and brittle. People who are struggling with Paget’s disease are at high risk of bone fractures and cancer.
3. Previous Treatments.
Radiation therapy and chemotherapy increase the risk of bone cancer. Exposure to high doses of radiation from these treatments increases the risk of primary bone cancer. The radioactive minerals such as strontium and radium may buildup in the bones, increasing the risk of cancer.
People who have previously undergone a bone marrow transplant are also at high risk of developing osteosarcoma.
Bone Cancer Treatment.
If you’ve been diagnosed with osteosarcoma or any other type of bone cancer, your medical team will discuss the treatment options with you. Before choosing the best treatment option for you, make sure to weigh the benefits against the side effects and risks of each treatment option.
Common Types Of Bone Cancer Treatment.
The use of anti-cancer drugs to kill cancer cells to stop their growth and spreading. It works better for certain types of bone cancer. It is the best treatment for Ewing sarcoma and osteosarcoma. It isn’t the best option for chondrosarcoma treatment.
2. Radiation therapy.
An oncologist uses high-powered beams of energy to kill cancerous cells. Radiation therapy before surgery helps shrink the tumor, making it easy for the surgeon to remove it.
It involves removing the entire cancerous tumor, along with a portion of healthy tissues surrounding it. Your surgeon will replace the lost bone with another area of your body. Replacements can also be done with hard plastics or metal.
Early detection of bone cancer increases the chances of successful treatment. People with retinoblastoma and other conditions that increase the risk of bone cancer should visit their doctor regularly. Even if you’re not at risk, regular medical check-ups give room for early detection of cancer and other dreadful diseases.